Finding just the right work for a person, regardless of whether it is paid or unpaid, is never easy but is certainly more difficult if they have an impairment or a long-term health condition. In respect of paid employment, the evidence is that in 2016, just under half of disabled people aged between 16 and 65 were in work, compared with 80% of non disabled people. While this "disability employment gap" has been narrowing slightly in recent years, it remains a major injustice for individuals, and their families. But it is not simply a matter for the individual; it has wider implications - there are costs to employers and to society as a whole from not making use of all available talents and skills.
Even those disabled people who are in paid work, may experience expectations that are too low, employers who are reluctant to give them a chance, limited access to services, and a social security system that does not provide enough personalised or tailored support for them.
This section focuses on the needs of disabled people, their families and supporters and ways of helping them.
This section contains outline information on the social security benefits particularly relevant to disabled people of working age, Employment and Support Allowance (ESA), and Personal Independence Payments (PIP). It is a guide only, and potential claimants are strongly urged to consult a competent Benefits Adviser if their situation is not straightforward.
Web based resources
For comprehensive information on social security benefits, it may be helpful to consult one or more of: